Posts Tagged ‘Severe Weather’

Battening down the hatches…

October 29, 2012

But life goes on…

If you are on the Eastern Seaboard I guarantee that my day will be going better than yours…  Hurricane Sandy seems to be gathering mass and about to pay a visit to the Tri State Area (NY, NJ & CT) making landfall overnight tonight (Monday pm- Tues am)  .

map courtesy of Environment Canada- Canadian Hurricane Centre

For the most recent map check out : http://www.weatheroffice.gc.ca/hurricane/track_e.html

After that she will work her way north and appears from the latest Canadian information then follow the Border to the east….  Winds are expected to be high and the rain heavy…  Southern Ontario, Eastern Ontario and Quebec will be wet and windy…

For me today is a day to double check the yard and make sure everything is tied down and the antennas are secured…  Taking the canvas roof off the Gazebo will also keep things firmly on the ground…  You should be doing the same if you are in what would be concidered the effected area…

Some Storm Releated Links for you if you feel the need …

Storm Graphics can be found at : http://www.stormpulse.com/2012-hurricane-season

NOAA Weather statements can be found at:  http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/

At this time the  Hurricane Watch Net  should be active on 14.325 usb or  7.268 lsb  (depending on band conditons)

And this blog post makes for good reading before things hit :

http://dixson.org/2009/01/off-the-grid-eighty-hours-without-commercial-power/

Stay safe my friends

73bob

Saturday PM update for “Sandy”

October 27, 2012

Courtesy the Canadian Hurricane Center

====================

WOCN31 CWHX 271745
Tropical cyclone information statement updated by the Canadian
Hurricane Centre of Environment Canada
At 2:57 PM ADT Saturday 27 October 2012
———————————————————————
Tropical cyclone information statement for:
Nova Scotia
Prince Edward Island
New Brunswick
Southern Quebec
Southern Ontario.

For hurricane Sandy.

      The next statement will be issued by 9:00 PM ADT.

 Hurricane Sandy will be reaching the East Coast of the United States on Monday.  While the most severe conditions will affect Northeastern United States, wide-ranging and signigicant impacts are expected across parts of Eastern Canada.

———————————————————————
==discussion==
1. Summary of basic information at 3.00 PM ADT.

Location: 29.5north 75.7west about 440 kilometres northeast of
Freeport Bahamas.

Maximum sustained winds: 120 km/h.

Present movement: north-northeast 15 km/h

Minimum central pressure: 958 MB

2. Public weather impacts and warnings summary.

Hurricane Sandy is currently north of the Bahamas and is moving north-northeastward. Although Sandy briefly weakened to a
Tropical storm earlier today maximum sustained winds associated with it have increased to 120 km/h bringing Sandy back to hurricane status. During the weekend Sandy is forecast to continue to track north or northeastward while remaining at hurricane strength. Sandy will gradually lose some of its tropical characteristics and on Monday it is expected to take an uncharacteristic turn to the northwest and begin interacting with an approaching trough from the west.

Current indications from various weather models are that Sandy could strengthen before moving inland on the United States East Coast in the vicinity of Delaware late Monday as a very large and powerful storm. It is important to remember that impacts will cover a large area well away from the center. There are various factors Influencing the evolution of the storm and as a result there is Still some degree of uncertainty with respect to the magnitude of The impacts from the storm. For this reason people living in these areas are urged to pay close attention to messages from the Canadian Hurricane Centre and local weather forecasts and possible future warnings throughout the weekend.

A. Rainfall.

Based on the current forecast scenario, Southern and Eastern Ontario and Western Quebec are likely to see the most rainfall from this system with total amounts by Tuesday evening possibly reaching the 50 to 100 millimetre range which would be typical for post-tropical weather systems. However since post-tropical Sandy will be interacting with a stalled front over Ontario, localised heavier rainfall amounts of over 100 mm are possible over areas adjacent To Lake Ontario northward to Algonquin Park.

Heavy rain could also affect other parts of Quebec with amounts of 20 mm likely. At this time, the probability of rainfall amounts
exceeding 25 mm for these areas is around 40%. Heavier rain is expected over the Maritimes and amounts in this area could exceed 50 mm.

The precipitation could mix with or turn into snow over parts of South-Central Ontario and extreme Western Quebec as temperatures approach the freezing mark north and west of the storm. A significant snowfall event could occur over Central Ontario.

B. Winds.

Most areas of Southern Ontario will be subject to very windy conditions with possible severe gusts in excess of 100 km/h
especially along Western Lake Ontario and the Niagara Escarpment. These gusts could cause broken tree limbs or in some cases uprooted trees which may result in downed utility lines. Residual falling leaves can also obstruct storm water drainage systems along roadways particularly in urban areas. This combined with heavy rainfall could increase the risk of flooding in some areas.

Very strong northeast winds will also affect eastern and Western Quebec. There is a good probability of wind gusts exceeding 90
Km/h. Gusty winds can also be expected in the Maritimes especially Monday night.

C. Waves.

There will be a risk for large waves along the Atlantic coast of Nova Scotia especially along the south shore as wave activity begins
to increase Monday into Tuesday. These large waves could produce pounding surf conditions.

3. Marine weather impacts and warnings summary.

Gale force winds are expected to spread to Canadian waters well in advance of Sandy reaching the United States coastline. Gales are expected on Monday over the Great Lakes, the St Lawrence seaway and western Maritimes marine waters. There is a possibility of storm force winds over southwestern marine areas of the Maritimes and on the Great Lakes.

Also, higher than normal water levels are expected on the st Lawrence River during high tide Monday evening and especially
Tuesday evening. This could result in coastal flooding in the Quebec City region.

Visit weatheroffice.Gc.Ca/hurricane (all in lower case) for the latest:

- forecast position, central pressure table.

- strength and predicted wind radii table.

- hurricane track information map.

- technical discussion.

Please also refer to the public and marine forecasts and warnings
issued by Environment Canada for your area.

End

FXCN31 CWHX 271800
TROPICAL CYCLONE TECHNICAL INFORMATION STATEMENT ISSUED BY THE CANADIAN HURRICANE CENTRE OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 2.55 PM ADT SATURDAY 27 OCTOBER 2012.

THE NEXT STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED BY 9.00 PM ADT

1. CURRENT POSITION, STRENGTH, CENTRAL PRESSURE AND MOTION

AT 3.00 PM ADT, HURRICANE SANDY WAS LOCATED NEAR LATITUDE 29.5 N AND LONGITUDE 75.7 W, ABOUT 238 NAUTICAL MILES OR 440 KM NORTHEAST OF FREEPORT. MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS ARE ESTIMATED AT 65 KNOTS (120 KM/H) AND CENTRAL PRESSURE AT 958 MB. SANDY IS MOVING NORTH-NORTHEAST AT 8 KNOTS (15 KM/H).

2. FORECAST POSITION, CENTRAL PRESSURE AND STRENGTH

DATE     TIME     LAT    LON   MSLP  MAX WIND
ADT                    MB  KTS  KMH
OCT 27  3.00 PM  29.5N  75.7W   958   65  120
OCT 28  3.00 AM  31.3N  74.2W   955   65  120
OCT 28  3.00 PM  33.2N  72.8W   950   65  120
OCT 29  3.00 AM  35.3N  72.0W   950   70  130
OCT 29  3.00 PM  37.2N  73.2W   955   65  120
OCT 30  3.00 AM  38.9N  75.8W   960   60  111
OCT 30  3.00 PM  40.0N  77.1W   968   50   93 POST-TROPICAL
OCT 31  3.00 AM  40.5N  77.4W   975   45   83 POST-TROPICAL
OCT 31  3.00 PM  41.5N  77.3W   980   40   74 POST-TROPICAL
NOV 01  3.00 AM  43.0N  77.0W   985   35   65 POST-TROPICAL

3. TECHNICAL DISCUSSION

A. ANALYSIS

HURRICANE SANDY CONTINUES TO HAVE INTENSE CONVECTION NEAR AND TO THE WEST AND NORTHWEST OF THE CENTRE. BUOY B41010 ABOUT 90 NAUTICAL MILES SOUTHWEST OF THE CENTRE CONTINUES TO MEASURE NORTHERLY GUSTS TO HURRICANE FORCE IN THIS DEEP CONVECTION. SFMR AND DROPSONDE DATA
INDICATE A LARGE AREA OF 55 KNOT WINDS IN THIS CONVECTION TO THE WEST AS WELL. WATER VAPOUR IMAGERY STILL SHOWS DRY AIR IN THE MID AND UPPER LEVELS WELL WITHIN THE CIRCULATION TO THE SOUTH AND EAST OF SANDY’S CENTRE.

SANDY TOOK A WOBBLE TO THE EAST THIS MORNING BUT THE LONGER TERM MOTION IS ESTIMATED AT 030 DEGREES AT 8 KNOTS. AIRCRAFT RECONNAISSANCE DATA THIS MORNING INDICATED THAT SANDY HAD REGAINED HURRICANE STRENGTH. IN ADDITION THE WIND FIELD CONTINUES TO GET LARGER AS MEASURED BY THE AIRCRAFT DATA AND BUOY B41010.

B. PROGNOSTIC

GLOBAL MODELS ARE IN GOOD AGREEMENT FOR SANDY TO ACCELERATE NORTHEASTWARD TONIGHT AHEAD OF A DEEP LAYER TROUGH MOVING INTO THE EASTERN UNITED STATES. A SHORTWAVE TROUGH IS EXPECTED TO MOVE THROUGH THIS DEEP LAYER TROUGH LATE SUNDAY AND CAUSE SANDY TO TAKE A TURN TO THE
NORTHWEST TOWARD THE US EAST COAST. SANDY IS EXPECTED TO REMAIN AT OR NEAR HURRICANE STRENGTH UNTIL MONDAY. PHASE SPACE PROGNOSIS INDICATES THAT ALTHOUGH SANDY WILL BE RECEIVING BAROCLINIC INFLUENCE FROM THE WEST, THE STORM WILL MAINTAIN A WARM CORE UNTIL IT MOVES INLAND. LATE
MONDAY NIGHT OR EARLY TUESDAY MORNING SANDY IS EXPECTED TO GO INLAND AS A LARGE POWERFUL CYCLONE WHILE BECOMING POST-TROPICAL.

ON TUESDAY, GLOBAL MODELS INDICATE THAT POST-TROPICAL SANDY WILL BECOME CAPTURED BY THE UPPER TROUGH AS IT MOVES FARTHER INLAND IN THE UNITED STATES. POST-TROPICAL SANDY IS THEN EXPECTED TO WEAKEN AND MOVE SLOWLY NORTH-NORTHEASTWARD, REACHING SOUTHERN ONTARIO BY THURSDAY
MORNING. THE REMNANTS OF SANDY WILL BE GREATLY WEAKENED AND WILL THEN SLOWLY MOVE NORTHEASTWARD WITH THE UPPER LOW. IT IS IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT THE BIGGEST IMPACTS IN CANADA FROM SANDY WILL OCCUR WELL BEFORE THE CENTRE MOVES INTO CANADA. IN FACT THE STORM WILL LIKELY BE GREATLY WEAKENED BEFORE ENTERING CANADA.

VERY STRONG WINDS AND AREAS OF HEAVY RAIN ARE EXPECTED IN PARTS OF SOUTHERN ONTARIO AND QUEBEC LATE MONDAY AND TUESDAY AS POST-TROPICAL SANDY APPROACHES. FARTHER NORTH AND WEST SOME SNOW IS LIKELY ESPECIALLY OVER HIGHER ELEVATIONS.  IN ADDITION, GUSTY WINDS AND RAIN CAN BE EXPECTED IN PARTS OF THE MARITIMES ON TUESDAY AS A BAND OF RAIN MOVES NORTHWARD WELL TO THE NORTHEAST OF SANDY’S CENTRE.

C. PREDICTED WIND RADII (NM)

TIME          GALES           STORMS            HURRICANE
NE  SE  SW  NW    NE  SE  SW  NW    NE  SE  SW  NW
27/18Z  390 225 205 280    40  55 135 130     0   0  90  30
28/06Z  375 285 270 280    65 110 150 150     0   0  90  90
28/18Z  360 315 300 300    85 135 160 160     0  30  90  90
29/06Z  360 345 315 330   110 155 175 170     0  30  90  90
29/18Z  360 360 280 250   140 170 130 130     0  30  50  50
30/06Z  360 360 175 100   180 190  50  50     0   0   0   0
30/18Z  360 360 120 100   100 100   0   0     0   0   0   0
31/06Z  360 360 120  30     0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0
31/18Z  200 200 100 100     0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0
01/06Z   50  50  50  50     0   0   0   0     0   0   0   0

END/COUTURIER/HATT

–   * * * *

====================

More Info can be found on the following links…

Storm Graphics can be found at : http://www.stormpulse.com/2012-hurricane-season

NOAA Weather statements can be found at:  http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/

At this time the  Hurricane Watch Net  is active on 14.325 usb. (depending on band conditons)

And this blog post makes for good reading before things hit :

http://dixson.org/2009/01/off-the-grid-eighty-hours-without-commercial-power/

Stay safe out there…

73bob

Friday AM update for Sandy

October 26, 2012

From the Canadian Hurricane Center

=====================

WOCN31 CWHX 261145
Tropical cyclone information statement updated by the Canadian
Hurricane Centre of Environment Canada at 8:41 AM ADT Friday
26 October 2012.
———————————————————————
Tropical cyclone information statement for:
Nova Scotia
Prince Edward Island
New Brunswick
Southern Quebec
Southern Ontario.

For hurricane Sandy.

The next statement will be issued by 3:00 PM ADT.

This is an updated preliminary information statement to discuss the potential impact of hurricane Sandy in Canada.  An updated statement is planned for 3 PM ADT.

———————————————————————
==discussion==
Hurricane Sandy will be moving through the Bahamas today with winds  in excess of 120 km/h.  During the  weekend Sandy is forecast to track  northward while remaining at or near hurricane strength.  Sandy will
begin to lose some of its tropical characteristics during the next  two days, it will however remain a large and powerful cyclone as it  shifts toward the East Coast of the United States.

Sandy will quite likely impact parts of Eastern Canada early next  week.  The track and intensity will, as always, depend on many  changing factors over a period of several days.  Thus, it is too  early to meaningfully state how the storm will affect particular  areas.  At this point in time we encourage consulting the forecasts  periodically during the weekend.

Please also refer to the public and marine forecasts and warnings  issued by Environment Canada for your area.

———————————-

Storm Graphics can be found at : http://www.stormpulse.com/2012-hurricane-season

NOAA Weather statements can be found at:  http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/

At this time the  Hurricane Watch Net  is active on 14.325 usb. (depending on band conditons)

And this blog post makes for good reading before things hit :

http://dixson.org/2009/01/off-the-grid-eighty-hours-without-commercial-power/

Stay Safe

73bob

Heads up in VO1 (TS RAFAEL)

October 15, 2012

If your in the Maritimes you might want to be looking at this…

Map courtesy of  http://www.weatheroffice.gc.ca/hurricane/track_e.html

click the link for updated track

WOCN31 CWHX 150141
TROPICAL CYCLONE INFORMATION STATEMENT ISSUED BY THE CANADIAN
HURRICANE CENTRE OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 10:41 PM ADT SUNDAY
14 OCTOBER 2012.
———————————————————————
TROPICAL CYCLONE INFORMATION STATEMENT FOR:
=NEW= NEWFOUNDLAND.

FOR TROPICAL STORM RAFAEL.

THE NEXT STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED BY 3:00 AM ADT.

TROPICAL STORM RAFAEL EXPECTED TO TRACK TOWARD EASTERN ATLANTIC
CANADA.

———————————————————————
==DISCUSSION==
WE ARE MONITORING THE DEVELOPMENT OF TROPICAL STORM RAFAEL NORTH OF  PUERTO RICO.  THE STORM IS FORECAST TO TRACK TOWARD THE  NORTH-NORTHWEST THEN TURN NORTH-NORTHEASTWARD ON TUESDAY PASSING NEAR  BERMUDA.

BEYOND TUESDAY THE TRACK AND INTENSITY WILL BE DETERMINED  BY THE SPEED AND STRUCTURE OF AN EASTWARD-MOVING TROUGH OF LOW  PRESSURE.  COMPUTER MODEL SCENARIOS AT THIS POINT EXPRESS A RANGE OF  TRACKS FROM JUST EAST OF CAPE BRETON TO WELL OFFSHORE SOUTHEAST OF  NEWFOUNDLAND.  THE MIDDLE OF THE RANGE IS FOR A TRACK CLOSE TO THE  AVALON PENINSULA.  A TRACK ON THE WESTERN SIDE OF THAT RANGE WOULD  REPRESENT AN EARLIER ARRIVAL (EARLY WEDNESDAY) WHILE A FARTHER-EAST
TRACKING WITH THE STORM WELL OFFSHORE WOULD PRIMARILY AFFECT THE  MARINE DISTRICT OVERNIGHT WEDNESDAY INTO THURSDAY.

REGARDLESS OF TRACK, RAFAEL WILL MOST LIKELY BE UNDERGOING TRANSITION  TO A POST-TROPICAL STORM WITH HIGH WINDS AND HEAVY RAINFALL AS IT  MERGES WITH THE TROUGH AND ASSOCIATED FRONT.  HOWEVER, IT IS TOO  EARLY TO PREDICT THE SPECIFIC AREAS THAT MAY BE AFFECTED.   ADDITIONALLY, PERIODS OF RAIN AND SOME WIND WILL BE OCCURRING ACROSS  ATLANTIC CANADA ON MONDAY AND TUESDAY FROM A NON-TROPICAL LOW  PRESSURE ASSOCIATED WITH THE TROUGH THAT WILL BE AFFECTING THE  EVOLUTION OF RAFAEL.

THE CANADIAN HURRICANE CENTRE WILL LIKELY BEGIN OFFICIAL 6-HOURLY  BULLETINS MONDAY MORNING WITH MORE DETAILS.

VISIT WEATHEROFFICE.GC.CA/HURRICANE (ALL IN LOWER CASE) FOR THE  LATEST HURRICANE TRACK  INFORMATION MAP.

END/..

 

Not crazy… just a dreamer

September 8, 2012

Common sense prevailed….

VE3EMB and myself decided NOT to head up hill in a storm and so we won’t be operating from the Champlain Lookout for the ARRL VHF Contest today…

As of 1210 pm edst heres what it looked at.  The red dot is the area where we were going to operate from if the WX had not soured…

73bob

As an afterthought I guess I should of gone to the OARC Hamfest… but as they say “hindsight is 20/20…”

Hope everyone who went had a good time…

Heavy SNOW Warning for Ottawa and Area

December 27, 2011

Well it looks like Mother Nature could be making up for all that non snowy weather we had before Christmas…  From the Environment Canada Website  comes the following:

——————————————

Environment Canada’s Official Weather Warnings  

Warnings

Ottawa South – Richmond – Metcalfe
10:48 AM EST Tuesday 27 December 2011
Snowfall warning for
Ottawa South – Richmond – Metcalfe continued

Heavy snow tonight.

A developing low over Kentucky will track northeast along the Appalachians today and intensify as it tracks into Southern Quebec tonight. In advance of this system precipitation mainly in the form of light rain will spread into Eastern Ontario this afternoon. As the low intensifies the rain will change into heavy wet snow in the evening. Before the snow ends Wednesday morning general total snowfall amounts of up to 15 cm are possible. Near the St Lawrence river Valley the amounts may be reduced somewhat as the change over to snow will occur later in the evening. The highest amounts are expected near the Quebec border where snowfall may possibly exceed 15 cm.

In addition, as the low moves into Quebec, a sharp Arctic cold front will cross the area overnight tonight into Wednesday morning. The much colder air behind the front means that temperatures will drop sharply from near zero to well below freezing in a matter of hours. The combination of the snowfall and plummeting temperatures will make for a difficult Wednesday morning commute.

Ottawa North – Kanata – Orléans
10:48 AM EST Tuesday 27 December 2011
Snowfall warning for
Ottawa North – Kanata – Orléans continued

Heavy snow tonight.

A developing low over Kentucky will track northeast along the Appalachians today and intensify as it tracks into Southern Quebec tonight. In advance of this system precipitation mainly in the form of light rain will spread into Eastern Ontario this afternoon. As the low intensifies the rain will change into heavy wet snow in the evening. Before the snow ends Wednesday morning general total snowfall amounts of up to 15 cm are possible. Near the St Lawrence river Valley the amounts may be reduced somewhat as the change over to snow will occur later in the evening. The highest amounts are expected near the Quebec border where snowfall may possibly exceed 15 cm.

In addition, as the low moves into Quebec, a sharp Arctic cold front will cross the area overnight tonight into Wednesday morning. The much colder air behind the front means that temperatures will drop sharply from near zero to well below freezing in a matter of hours. The combination of the snowfall and plummeting temperatures will make for a difficult Wednesday morning commute.

———————————————–

And don’t blame the messenger…

So seeing there is nothing I can do to stop it…  Heading over to the store to pick up some comfort food…  and a 6 pack….  I have salt and gravel mix for the sidewalk after if it decides to freeze so there is not much else I can do other than talk about it…  To anyone out there who will be driving back home today..  Please be careful…  Time is not important but arriving home safely is…

73bob

Antenna survives first storm

December 22, 2011

This morning I looked into my back yard and saw a few branches on the ground that should not of been there but I saw no signs of the top part of the s9 43 foot vertical which means that it survived the first freezing rain storm of the year… 

This is a good thing…

Yesterday was the first real “Weather Test”  for the antenna and it passed with no problems…. 

Everything about this antenna seems to please me…  especially its performance on the HF bands

73bob

I don’t really like Hurricanes but…

August 26, 2009

Well folks it you check the Stormpulse website you will see that we now have a “Tropical Storm Danny” which looks like to be following almost the same path as his brother “Hurricane Bill” took last week.

dannyorignalGraphic courtesy National Hurricane Center NWS

Now this is WAY TOO EARLY to be accurately predicting paths yet but its something to keep in the back of your mind…

If you think of though its rather nice that Mother Nature is “telegraphing” her punch so to speak.  Hurricanes are the only Natural Disaster that lets us know approximately where they are going to hit. 

Yes the WX Patterns could change the track but for the most part we know where and when they are going to hit and almost how strong they will hit.  We as the public have No Excuse not to be prepared for a hurricane.

Earthquakes, tornadoes don’t give much if any warning and Tsumanis “might”  follow an earthquake but we know when the tropical storm forms, when it turns into a hurricane and where its going and when it should get there…

Your ARES Group should start to look at how good (or bad) you did last week when Bill arrived.  What worked for you (or what did not work) when you ran your activation plans.

So just in case lets start getting ready for Danny rather than looking back at what Bill did…

Remember:

“Plan for the worst and hope for the best!”

73bob


Hurricane Bill Final Report

August 24, 2009

Well Bill has come and gone and last heard from is heading towards the British Isles…

BILLFINALtrack

Map courtesy of the Canadian Hurricane Center

On an amateur radio side of things it all went well.  The Hurricane Watch Net and the VOIP Hurricane Net both did their jobs quite well.

hwn-logo

voiplogo

I don’t believe the ARES (Amateur Radio Emergency Services) groups were really tested this time and in reality that is a good thing…

ARRL and RAC

However so far there were two fatalities associated with the storm and storm surge/tides seem to be the culprit.

People should learn or be taught to be careful when playing when Mother Nature is not playing nice…

idiots2Picture coutesy Canadian Press

ThunderHole4420090823jpg-1046226_lgPicture Courtesy CNN

73bob

Hurricane Bill Sunday AM

August 23, 2009

hurricaneflag

HURRICANE BILL UPDATE SUNDAY MORNING

This is an unofficial update.  Please check with the

Canadian Hurricane Center

for the most current and accurate information

So far according to the different levels of Media all seems to be going as well as it can all concidering.

Monitoring 14.325 which is the Hurricane Watch Net Frequency and although I can hear the Net Control Station I can not hear any traffic in or out of the affected area.

hwn-logo

I am also monitoring 3.770 which has been given as the main frequency for the RAC ARES Maritime Section but although I normally can hear East Coast Stations I am not hearing anything at this time.

The VOIP Hurricane Net on ECHOLINK/IRLP is also active at this time but so far I am not hearing anything other than routine traffic.

voiplogo

In the mean time here is the latest Graphic from the Canadian Hurricane Center.

BILLtrack4

Map courtesy of the Canadian Hurricane Center

For the best in animated projections

check out this link at Stormpulse

More details later in the afternoon if time and family commitments permits. 

In the mean time CNN and CBC along with CTV have excellent coverage so far.  The CNN coverage could drop down a level or so once Bill heads further North.

73bob


Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 913 other followers